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CLAT 2023

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Exam Highlights Details
Exam Name CLAT (Common Law Admission Test)
CLAT Exam Conducting Body Consortium of National Law Universities
CLAT Exam Level UG and PG
CLAT Exam Frequency Once a year
CLAT Exam Mode Offline
CLAT Exam Duration 120 Minutes
CLAT Exam Language English
CLAT Exam Purpose Admissions to BA LLB, BCom LLB, BSc LLB, BBA LLB, BSW LLB, LLM courses

CLAT 2023 UG Eligibility

  1. There is be no upper age limit for candidates appearing for UG Programme through the CLAT 2023.
  2. Candidates must secure the following minimum percentage of marks in their qualifying examination (i.e., 10+2 or an equivalent examination):
    1. Forty five percent (45%) marks or its equivalent grade in case of candidates belonging to General / OBC / PWD / NRI / PIO / OCI categories
    2. Forty Percent (40%) marks or equivalent in case of candidates belonging to SC/ST categories.
  3. Candidates who may be appearing for their qualifying examination in March/ April, 2023 are also eligible to appear for the CLAT 2023 examination. However, they shall be required to produce an evidence of their passing the qualifying examination at the time of admission, failing which they shall lose their right to be considered for admission.
  4. The result of the qualifying examination (i.e., 10+2) shall be submitted by the candidate at the time of admission, failing which the candidate shall be ineligible for admission to the course they may have applied for.
  5. If more than one candidate secures an equal number of marks in the CLAT 2023, the break of tie shall be by the following procedure and order as under:
    1. i. Higher marks in the component/section on Legal Aptitude in the CLAT 2023 exam;
    2. Higher age;
    3. Computerised draw of lots.

CLAT 2023 Exam Pattern & Question Paper Format

The CLAT exam is a test of one's aptitude and reasoning abilities. It comprises of five sections namely: Verbal Ability, Quantitative Aptitude, Logical Reasoning, General Knowledge, and Legal Aptitude.

Each question carries 1 mark and for every incorrect attempt, 0.25 marks will be deducted.
Subject/Section Topic
English Language 28-32 (20% of the paper)
Quantitative Techniques 13-17 (10% of the paper)
Logical Reasoning 28-32 (20% of the paper)
Current Affairs, including General Knowledge 35-39 (25% of the paper)
Legal Reasoning 35-39 (25% of the paper)
Total Marks 150
Total Time (min) 120
Negative Marking 0.25 marks for each wrong answer

Question Paper Format
  1. Maximum Marks                           150
  2. Duration of CLAT 2023 Exam       02:00 Hours
  3. Multiple-Choice Questions            150 questions of one mark each
  4. Negative Marking                          0.25 Mark for each wrong answer

Subject Areas with weightage: (approximate number of questions)
English Language 28-32 questions, or roughly 20% of the paper
Current Affairs, including General Knowledge 35-39 questions, or roughly 25% of the paper
Legal Reasoning 35-39 questions, or roughly 25% of the paper
Logical Reasoning 28-32 questions, or roughly 20% of the paper
Quantitative Techniques 13-17 questions, or roughly 10% of the paper

CLAT 2023 Application Fees

Candidates can pay the application fee in online mode using (debit card/credit card/net banking) as well as offline (bank challan) modes. CLAT application fee for different categories is as mentioned in the table below:
Category CLAT Application Fee (in Rs)
General/OBC/PwD/NRI/PIO/OCI  4,000
SC/ST/BPL 3,500
Note: The cost of previous years' question papers is Rs.500/- (not included in the CLAT 2023 application fee of Rs.4,000/- or Rs.3,500/- as the case may be.)

CLAT 2023 Syllabus & Guide

Introduction and Overview

The UG-CLAT 2023 would focus on evaluating the comprehension and reasoning skills and abilities of candidates. Overall, it is designed to be a test of aptitude and skills that are necessary for a legal education rather than prior knowledge, though prior knowledge occasionally may be useful to respond to questions in the Current Affairs section.

The UG-CLAT 2023 shall be a 2-hour test, with 150 multiple-choice questions carrying 1 mark each. There shall be negative marking of 0.25 marks for every wrong answer. These questions would be divided across the following 5 subjects:

  • English Language
  • Current Affairs, including General Knowledge
  • Legal Reasoning
  • Logical Reasoning
  • Quantitative Techniques


English Language

In this section of the UG-CLAT 2023, you will be provided passages of about 450 words each. These passages will be derived from contemporary or historically significant fiction and non-fiction writing, and would be of a standard that a 12th standard student may be able to read in about 5-7 minutes.

Each passage will be followed by a series of questions that will require you to demonstrate your comprehension and language skills, including your abilities to:

  • Read and comprehend the main point discussed in the passage, as well as any arguments and viewpoints discussed or set out in the passage;
  • Draw inferences and conclusions based on the passage;
  • Summarise the passage;
  • Compare and contrast the different arguments or viewpoints set out in the passage; and
  • Understand the meaning of various words and phrases used in the passage.

Current Affairs Including General Knowledge

In this section, you will be provided passages of up to 450 words each. The passages will be derived from news, journalistic sources and other non-fiction writing. The questions may include an examination of legal information or knowledge discussed in or related to the passage, but would not require any additional knowledge of the law beyond the passage.

Each passage will be followed by a series of questions that will require you to demonstrate your awareness of various aspects of current affairs and general knowledge, including:

  • Contemporary events of significance from India and the world;
  • Arts and culture;
  • International affairs; and
  • Historical events of continuing significance.

Legal Reasoning

In this section, you will be expected to read passages of around 450 words each. The passages may relate to fact situations or scenarios involving legal matters, public policy questions or moral philosophical enquiries. You will not require any prior knowledge of law. You will benefit from a general awareness of contemporary legal and moral issues to better apply general principles or propositions to the given fact scenarios.

Each passage would be followed by a series of questions that will require you to:

  • Identify and infer the rules and principles set out in the passage;
  • Apply such rules and principles to various fact situations; and
  • Understand how changes to the rules or principles may alter their application to various fact situations.

Logical Reasoning

The Logical Reasoning section of the UG-CLAT 2023 will include a series of short passages of about 300 words each. Each passage will be followed by one or more questions that will require you to:

  • Recognize an argument, its premises and conclusions;
  • Read and identify the arguments set out in the passage;
  • Critically analyse patterns of reasoning, and assess how conclusions may depend on particular premises or evidence;
  • Infer what follows from the passage and apply these inferences to new situations;
  • Draw relationships and analogies, identify contradictions and equivalence, and assess the effectiveness of arguments.

Quantitative Techniques

The Quantitative Techniques section of the UG-CLAT 2023 will include short sets of facts or propositions, graphs, or other textual, pictorial or diagrammatic representations of numerical information, followed by a series of questions. You will be required to derive information from such passages, graphs, or other representations, and apply mathematical operations on such information.

The questions will require you to:

  • Derive, infer, and manipulate numerical information set out in such passages, graphs, or other representations; and
  • Apply various 10th standard mathematical operations on such information, including from areas such as ratios and proportions, basic algebra, mensuration and statistical estimation.

Preparing for the UG-CLAT 2023

The Consortium plans to publish various preparatory materials for the UG-CLAT 2023, including:

  • Guides to the question paper and sample questions;
  • Model question papers; and
  • Instructional materials and exercises for each of the subjects that the UG-CLAT 2023 comprises.

The Consortium will also provide candidates who have successfully completed their application to the UG-CLAT 2023 access to a learning platform where you may access the preparatory materials described above, as well as your scores on various exercises and model question papers.

In addition, you should develop your capacity to read and understand bodies of text, ensure you stay abreast of news and current affairs by regularly reading quality newspapers and periodicals, and improve your speed of answering questions on quantitative techniques by practising with materials such as 10th standard mathematics textbooks.

CLAT 2023 Cut Off

The cut-offs for each Institute are individually declared by every CLAT Participating Institutes. CLAT Cut Off is important as it forms the basis of counseling and seat allotment.
The cut-offs are calculated considering multiple factors listed below:
  • CLAT Paper difficulty level
  • Availability of seats
  • Average marks scored by students in the CLAT Exam
  • Total test population.

CLAT 2023 Colleges

The ultimate objective of each candidate in the CLAT 2022 Exam is to get into the best law college available. Therefore the CLAT 2022 Colleges take utmost importance.

The following National Law Universities (NLUs) (along with intake) accept CLAT scores to admit students to their five-year LLB programs every year:
 Sl. No.  National Law University  Location
  1  National Law School of India University (NLSIU)  Bangalore
  2  National Academy of Legal Studies & Research (NALSAR)  Hyderabad
  3  National Law Institute University  Bhopal
  4  WB National University of Juridical Sciences  Kolkata
  5  National Law University  Jodhpur
  6  Hidayatullah National Law University  Raipur
  7  Gujarat National Law University  Gandhinagar
  8  Ram Manohar Lohia National Law University  Lucknow
  9  Rajiv Gandhi National Univesity of Law  Patiala
  10  Chankaya National Law University  Patna
  11  National University of Advanced Legal Studies  Kochi
  12  National Law University Odisha  Cuttack
  13  National University of Study and Research in Law  Ranchi
  14  National Law University and Judicial Academy  Guwahati
  15  Damodaram Sanjivayya National Law University  Vishakhapatnam
  16  Tamil Nadu National Law School  Tirruchirappalli
  17  Maharashtra National Law University  Mumbai
  18  Maharashtra National Law University  Nagpur
  19  Maharashtra National Law University  Aurangabad
  20  Dharmashastra National Law Univesity  Jabalpur
  21  Himachal Pradesh National Law University  Shimla
  22  Dr. B.R. Ambedkar National Law University  Sonipat

Consortium of NLUs

The CLAT Exam is conducted every year by the Consortium of NLUs. The body consists of representatives from all of the top NLUs which accept the CLAT Score (every NLU except NLU Delhi). It was established in 2017 so that the admission process into the NLUs could be regularised to a degree.

It has also undertaken the first major change in the CLAT Exam Pattern in CLAT 2020 which means that the likelihood of any changes in CLAT 2022 is minimal. Currently it is headed by an executive committee which contains members from NALSAR Hyderabad, NLU Jodhpur, NLSIU Bangalore, NLIU Bhopal.

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